We Make Zines

a place for zinesters - writers and readers

Duane Peters The Master Of Disaster - The Saga Continues 2014 Update

The Master Of Disaster Adds Another Chapter To His Skate Punk Book Of Horrors!

I’m sorry to announce this about a friend and hero of mine, Skateboarding and punk rock legend Duane Peters has come under the gun again in what looks to be yet another tragic chapter in Duane’s life. Last Friday the 7th of February, Duane Peters committed career suicide, which now we hear, may end up with time spent in state prison for felony domestic violence. Technically he was charged with, felony willful infliction of corporal injury.” This news has already affected the industry in some areas and has affected the rest of the existing year we just started in 2014. But this week has been one disaster after another for the pioneer of punk rock and skateboarding, (excuse the disaster pun). *Quick note, Duane Peters, actually took the time to help prepare me and coach me before I had to leave my world upside down and had to go do a prison sentence that fell in my lap a few years ago. The Master was there for me when not many others were. Anyway, the thing that worries me the most about Master Duane is, at the age of 52 years old he will be unable to rise above this latest escapade and reach those levels of success that he has worked so hard on for the last decade or two. Sadly this may be the end of a great skateboard career for us fans, who have followed the “Master Of Disaster” on a long ride now spanning over 30 years of walking the walk. This is my worry for Duane Peters and I hope the reality of it all doesn’t lead him down a dark road again he’s traveled in past years during devistating events. All I can say to Duane is this. The ones who have an unconditional understanding of these overwhelming human circumstances we all must experience in life, these are the ones who will help get you through this tragedy you’ve encountered. Trust me Duane, honest people, offering honest help, will come to your side and guide you through this terrible experience and you will have another chance to start a new chapter in this unique and extraordinary life you’ve lived.  God Bless This Mess!

duanepeters09-e1272596368457

Duane Peters And Maureen Noone 2013 Downtown LBC

A-me-maureen-boat-bench-620x465On Friday I notice a disturbing Facebook post coming from Duane Peters Wall. Duane has been a friend of mine dating back to first meeting him in southern California in the1980′s, during various contest’s. So after reading the Facebook post, I could see and feel that their was clearly a problem with Duane’s thinking and decision-making on that given day, so I tried to emailed D.P. but no reply came back. The Facebook post shown below obviously shows that Duane Peters was having a very tumultuous day and anyone who knows The Master Of Disaster and is familiar with his past trials, knows that when Duane falls, he falls hard and I feared this was the beginning of a crash and burn like days of old that all of us his friends have come very accustomed to over the last 30 years. I finally was able to speak with a mutual friend and Shane informed me that Duane had posted the $5000 bail and would be staying with friends to avoid any media questioning and rest up until his next arraignment at court on the 20th.

tumblr_lpoggyQiHN1qzrevko1_500

Here’s Duane’s Facebook Post Friday Just Before His Arrest

Duanes FacebookHere Is A Second Facebook Post Minutes After The First Post

Duanes Facebook 2

tumblr_monv4hQOIz1qaalwyo1_500

Below Are Some Of Duane Peters Skateboarding Sponsors Lost In Te Shuffle

123974716

stance

A-shoe-lep-dp-insta-if-3-620x465

tumblr_lyslt5v7DE1r5v15do1_500

irnfstbnr

OJ Skateboard Wheels - Duane Peters Green
32367_10151257633755983_807285369_n

tumblr_mbbzsw1ykc1r82lpno1_500

latest-skullcandy-uprock-blackrasta-mpe

US-Bombs8The Facebook post came as a shock to the fans of Duane Peters who has been so happy as of recent and very excited about his new relationship with girlfriend Maureen Noone. This year at the Santa Cruz 50th I had a chance to meet Maureen for the first time in San Jose at the Independent trucks pro skate session. Duane Peters didn’t pad up to skate with any of us, he only wanted to be with Maureen and none of his peers could persuade him otherwise, so the Master sat around with his lady at his arm and watched the festivities of the  staring cast at Lake Cunningham skate park host of the NHS Indy anniversary skate jam. The two seemed very happy and my wife commented later they seemed to be a match made in heaven. So this news was rather shocking to all of Duane Peters friends, family and fans who faithfully follow the Master whether it be his skating or his music.

tumblr_ly8ajlrEci1r2nakpo1_500Then I watched various people who read Duane’s Facebook post began to take sides and post their opinions and many arguments broke out and I just sat back and watched how fast people will throw you away like they never knew you, although they have made many mistakes themselves over the years, but now it was their time to kick one of their own while they were down, these idiots are really just a group of fake people showing their true colors at your expense and showing how much of a friend they really were to you. The majority of people who call themselves friends are liars and players and I caught a glimpse of this all weekend on online sites everywhere I went.

Copy of tumblr_muib4rLXQn1qgq2oco1_500

Image Gif Of The Duane Peters Famous Invented Trick “The Invert Revert”

tumblr_mb55xvE6WN1qhgkw4o1_500
Saturday February 8th there was an official report from the Los Angeles Daily News reporting that the professional skateboarder and legendary punk rock vocalist had been arrested on suspicion of domestic violence against his current girlfriend, which brings a felony charge and a possible prison sentence if convicted. http://www.dailynews.com/

So as a friend and long time fan of Duane, I went researching all possible outlets and asked friends of friends both from my side of the neighborhood and of D.P.’s huge click, looking for anything they might know about this newest drama in what us skaters like to call our Skateboard family.

Most Of These Photos Can Be Found At Duane Peters Official Website
http://duanepeters.net/

123-Skinnie-DP-_2-620x817

To be honest with you, I was worried about Duane’s frame of mind, so I got busy with my resources who would know more than I do and who would trust me enough to answer my concerned questions. Here’s what I found out and it’s all right here for those of you who call yourselves friends and fans of this legendary character known as the Master Of Disaster.

My Favorite Decks Of Duane Peters Is This Black Label Issue Shown Below

Duane-PetersContact002-620x753
Here was the report. Duane Peters was picked up and arrested at the 4000 block on Third street in downtown Long Beach Friday by the Long Beach Police Department. L.A. Daily also reported he was arrested late Friday night near midnight at 11:59 and Duane was booked in to jail early Saturday morning and was being held at a $50,000 bail. The report went on to say Duane Peters was scheduled to be in court on Tuesday morning February 11th. This information is according to Long Beach Police Department spokeswoman Sgt. Megan Zabel press release.

Duane And Maureen Pose For Fans As They Took To The Streets Of Long Beach

tumblr_mvt043fRgK1qgq2oco1_500
At the arraignment on Tuesday February 11th more details of the longtime professional skateboarder and punk rock band leader Duane Peters at age 52, has been charged with felony willful infliction of corporal injury following a domestic violence incident on Feb. 7 and faces a maximum of four years in state prison, according to Sarah Ardalani, the spokeswoman for the Los Angeles County district attorney’s office.

duane11-e1286904880582Prosecutors said Peters became angry with his girlfriend and assaulted her at their residence in Long Beach, according to Sarah Ardalani, public information officer for District Attorney Jackie Lacey. Neighbors near by heard the all the arguing and commotion, they then interceded and were able to restrain Duane Peters until the Long Beach Police arrived at the scene, prosecutors said the woman involved is Maureen Noone, Duane Peters girlfriend, she had sustained injuries to her face and body.

7195

Duane Peters was officially charged Feb.11, but was unable to appear at the Los Angeles County Superior Court in Long Beach due to unspecified medical reasons, Sarah Ardalani told National reporters, Duane Peters had posted the $50,000 bail on Thursday and postponed his court arraignment hearing until February 20th.

Image Gif Of The Duane Peters Invented Trick “The Acid Drop”

tumblr_mscgj5wGR01rfztr0o1_400

ESPN’S Report On Duane Peters Circumstances Leading To His Arrest.

Longtime professional skateboarder and punk rock front man Duane Peters, 52, has been charged with felony willful infliction of corporal injury following a domestic violence incident on Feb. 7 and faces a maximum of four years in state prison, according to a spokeswoman for the Los Angeles County district attorney’s office.

Duane Peters Shown Below With His Patented Fast Plant At A California Skate Park

8958

Photo: MRZ

ESPN went on to say, prosecutors said Peters became angry with his girlfriend and assaulted her at their residence in Long Beach, according to Sarah Ardalani, public information officer for District Attorney Jackie Lacey. Neighbors heard the commotion, interceded and were able to restrain Peters until police arrived. Prosecutors said the woman sustained injuries from Peters and that the details were still coming in.

Duane Peters aka The Master Of Disaster whose pro skateboarding career dates as far back as the 1970s and who is also the front man for the band U.S. Bombs and Duane Peters & The Great Unwashed, was officially charged Feb. 11, but was unable to appear at Los Angeles County Superior Court in Long Beach due to unspecified medical reasons, Ardalani told ESPN. He posted $50,000 bail on Thursday and postponed his arraignment hearing to Feb. 20th as reported by ESPN sources.
http://xgames.espn.go.com/

tumblr_mxq5oePiE61qjiqmmo1_500

Peters has had one of pro skateboarding’s longest careers. He won some of the earliest pool skating contests in the 1970s and early 1980s, and his aggressive style earned him the nickname “Master of Disaster,” first cited in a December 1980 profile done by Glen E. Friedman for “Skateboarder’s Action Now” magazine after Peters invented the ollie 180 lip trick known as the “disaster.” He’s also credited with inventing several other classic pool skating tricks, including fast plants and the layback grind, which has become his signature moves.

5182
Photo: MRZ

Peters remains a fixture in masters-level pool contests and placed ninth at the Vans ProTec Pool Party in May 2013. He’s a member of the “lifers” team at Pocket Pistols Skateboards and has long, ongoing sponsorship deals with Independent Truck Company and OJ Wheels, among others. He also released two full-length albums in 2013: “Beautiful Tragedy,” the debut album from Duane Peters & The Great Unwashed, and “Generation Kennedy No More,” the 11th album from U.S. Bombs, a band he started in 1993.

10131

Duane Peters Destroys This Insanely Difficult Pool In Think Damaged Video

Reports Of Duane Peters Missing

This afternoon (February 14, 2014), legendary skate hero Duane Peter’s ex-wife Corey Parks-Castle took to Instagram (@Corey_Parks) to ask the skateboarding community to help find a missing Duane Peters.

peters.png

Ex-wife Corey Parks-Castle posted the following message to her Instagram: “Firstly we would like to thank everyone who’s helped or taken part in looking for Duane…WE HAVE FOUND DUANE, but cannot disclose any details at the time.” This is great news and we hope it gets better in the coming days!

In what we hope can be described as a happy ending to the sad story that broke last night, it appears that Duane Peters, legendary skateboarder and front man for bands like U.S. Bombs and Die Hunns, has been found. Corey Parks, Duane’s ex-wife and the mother of his ten-year-old son, Clash, relayed the following message via Instagram:

Firstly We would like to thank everyone who’s helped or taken part in looking for Duane and all the outpouring of pouring if support and love. We are deeply touched as I know he would be as well. WE HAVE FOUND DUANE, but cannot disclose any details at this time. Thank you all so much from my entire family as well as Duane’s for your unbelievably kind and generous efforts. We will NEVER forget this. Love, Corey, Rob and Clash.

duanepeters28-e1272597223575

Below Is One Of Duane Peters Many Invented Trick The FS Layback Grind

1011075_614891691856180_321118989_n

Duane Peters Frontman For The U.S. Bombs

tumblr_mc3ppzqcrT1qzrevko1_500

NOTE
To make this article of  Duane Peters more complete, I’ve included a full biography of Daune Peters life, which covers time before his life as a punk rock singer and before he was a professional skateboarder. I listed everything else I could remember, or find pertaining to his amazing life of being the Master Of Disaster. I hope you enjoy the information I’ve included below and share this link with friends.

Duane As A Lad

The Duane Peters Biography

Also Known As
The Master of Disaster

A Legend Is Born
June 12, 1961 (now age 52)
Orange County, California, U.S.A.

Genres
Hardcore – Punk Rock -Underground

Occupations
Professional Skateboarder – Punk Rock Musician

Instruments
Lead Vocals – Bass Guitar

Years active
1978 Until Present

Associated Acts
U.S. Bombs, Political Crap, Die’ Hunns, THe Huns, Duane Peters Gunfight,
The Exploding Fuckdolls, Duane Peters And The Great Unwashed.

10129

Innovations

Peters is credited for inventing many tricks, such as the “acid drop” into a pool or bowl, the “layback grind,” “the layback roll out,” the “Indy air”, the “Sweeper”, the “backside layback grind revert”, the “fakie hang-up” (known as the disaster), the “invert revert”, the “fakie thruster”, and the “loop of death,” (a full 360-degree rotation in a specially designed loop). He also, along with Neil Blender, helped to evolve the “footplant” into the more dynamic move known as the “fastplant.”

Shown Below Is The Invert Revert Trick. Nobody Desires To Try This Trick

tumblr_mqo943oJE81r2m3n0o1_500

Photos not labeled are most likely MRZ

Peters was one of the very first high-profile skaters to embrace punk rock, cutting his hair short and narrowing his jeans when most skaters were still wearing 1970s fashions. As shown on an Eye on LA television segment, Duane left the punk rock movement for the softer sound of “New Romantic/White Funk” music; even forming a band by the name of Tan-Dane.

duanepeters40-e1272597498332

Peters was named Transworld Skateboarding’s “Legend” in 2003. He is a professional skateboarder who rides for Pocket Pistols Skates. In May 2005, Black Label Skateboards released a biographic film, entitled Who Cares: The Duane Peters Story,  A second documentary, planned by havocTV, and intended to focus on the supposed path to sobriety of Peters and then-wife Corey Parks, was publicized but failed to appear. In 2006, a sober Peters, had a cameo in the Joan Jett video Androgynous, directed by Morgan Higby Night.

One Of Duane Peters Most Popular Tricks Among Skaters “The Indy Air”

7180

Here Is An Example Of How The Skateboard Family Worked Together To Help D.P.
rs_actionsrealized_dp1-511x600

Duane Peters Almost Lost His Leg IN 2010 After A Brutal Slam And Then Not Attending To The Injury Which Almost Resulted In The Loss Of His Leg From Gang Green. The Community Lead By Lance Mountain Stepped Up To The Plate And Helped Raise Money To Pay Duane’s Medical Bills Which Were Several Hundreds Of Thousands Dollars.
http://www.actionsrealized.com/duane-peters-actions-realized/

The Skateboard Community Came Together And Raised Money For Medical Bills
6022

<p><a href=”http://vimeo.com/17934313″>Duane Peters Actions Realized</a> from <a href=”http://vimeo.com/dlxsf”>dlxsf</a&gt; on <a href=”https://vimeo.com”>Vimeo</a&gt;.</p>

Here Are The Duane Peters “Who Cares” Documentaries Part 1, 2, 3

Duane Peters “Who Cares” Documentary – Part 1

 

Duane Peters “Who Cares” Documentary – Part 2

 

Duane Peters “Who Cares” Documentary – Part 3

 


Probably Duane Peters Most Famous Invented Trick,” The Sweeper”

08

9084
Along with skateboarding, Peters is a well-known punk rock singer among his peers. He has formed bands such as the US Bombs, Political Crap, Die’ Hunns (also known as Duane Peters and The Hunns), Duane Peters Gunfight, and The Exploding Fuckdolls. He was formerly connected with two defunct record labels: Disaster Records, (owned by Patrick Boissel of Alive Records), and – later – Indian Recordings (owned by Ponk Media).

Duane Peters And The Die Hunns
diehunns2

In 2000, Peters formed Duane Peters and The Hunns with Rob Milucky (previously of The Grabbers and The Pushers fame). Within two years, the band released three full-length albums and undertook both national and European tours. At a The Damned show in 2002, Peters met future wife Corey Parks, who had just left her previous band, Nashville Pussy. Parks joined Duane Peters and the Hunns on bass guitar and soon the band changed their name to Die Hunns, recorded a fourth full-length album entitled Long Legs, Die’ Hunns, and embarked on another tour.

Gunfight

Below Duane Peters Always Ready To Express His Opinion To The Inquiring Media

858

Duane Peters was cast to star in an independent film called “Hostility Hotel”, scheduled for release in 2010, but the film failed to appear to the public.

Was interviewed extensively for the award-winning 2011 documentary “The Other F Word”, a documentary about the lives of Punk Rockers after they have children.

Duane Peters Shown Here With Mike Valleley & Steve Olson At Jokers Skate Shop

Copy of tumblr_m3rrviHa431qizkl7o1_500  tumblr_mkx9wyVNIj1qgg9ueo1_500

tumblr_mi0o49Qecv1qgq2oco1_500

Personal Life

Peters was married to Corey Parks, with whom he has a son, Clash Thomas Peters (born in 2004). Clash is the half-brother to oldest child Schuyler and middle child Chess (Chelsea) Peters; Both from a previous marriage. In the late 00′s Duane and Corey separated.

Peters has also struggled with drug addictions, mainly heroin, for over 3 decades. In 2007, Peters and his then-current band, Die Hunns cancelled their tour as Peters once again entered rehabilitation facility.

Peters’ 20 year-old son Chess (Chelsea) Peters was killed in a car accident on July 6, 2007. To this day Duane Hosts annual skate charity events dedicated to his son Chess.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duane_Peters

3 Skateboard Icons Below, Steve Olson, Duane Peters And David Hackett 2013

Da_Boyz

Steve Olson, Duane Peters And Steve Alba (Salba), Down For Life

me-oloson-sally--620x465

More Biography Facts

Skateboard champion and punk-rock vocalist Duane Peters has been an idol of the underground skate-punk movement for nearly three decades. Known among his fans as the Master of Disaster, Peters is largely credited with pioneering the counterculture that unites skate-boarding and punk music. Skin-headed, missing his two front teeth, and festooned with tattoos and safety-pin earrings, he has been skateboarding since the late 1970s, and has led such punk bands as the U.S. Bombs and The Hunns. A heroin user in his earlier days, Peters renounced drugs in his mid-30s. Peters, who turned 40 in 2001, remains a strong presence in extreme sports and alternative music at his current age of 52 years old.

780

Duane Peters parents divorced when he was a child in Anaheim, California, and Duane went to live with his father, a used-car salesman, in nearby Newport Beach. He had a rebellious youth and Duane often skipped school to skateboard. Hoping to discipline his son, his father sent Peters to live for a year with relatives on a farm in Michigan. “I went to school every day that year because there was nothing else to do.”

Duane Peters Appears In A Circle-A Skateboard Advert. Before The Tattoos

4751

Returning to live with his father, Peters dropped out of school at age the young age of 14. By then he had discovered the underground skateboarding scene of the mid-1970s. Not having the money to buy a skateboard, he made one for himself by sawing off a piece of wood and nailing on roller-skate wheels. He spent his youthful days skate and surfing the sidewalks of Newport Beach and at nearby Balboa. “I just wanted to skate all the time and didn’t want to have to go to work. I didn’t want to grow up.”

D.P. Front Side Corner Air In Uplands Combi On His Way To World Cup Victory 1981

front-air-upland-corner-620x418

Photo: Glen E. Friedman

Through his drug addictions and rehabilitation, and during his long and varied punk music career, Peters has continued professional skateboarding. As a member of the skateboarding club “Beer City,” he has participated in contests nationwide through his late 30s and into his early 40s. Within the skate-punk subculture, he has maintained a devoted following of fans, and is celebrated as a skateboard pioneer.

7709

Photo: MRZ

In the days before skate parks, youths such as Peters and his friends liked to practice skating in empty swimming pools. Breaking into neighbors’ backyards, they skateboarded in underground pools until the police chased them out. In pools and empty half-pipes, Peters honed his skills and started inventing his own signature skateboarding tricks. Like his idol, motorcycle stunt rider Evel Knievel, Peters often injured himself. At 16, practicing in a 14-foot pipe, he perfected an upside-down, 360-degree stunt that seemed to defy the laws of gravity. With this trick he caught the attention of Skateboarder magazine; soon he was offered money to perform in skate shows, and even made a skateboarding appearance on the 1970s television show That’s Incredible! A regular winner in skating contests, Peters had developed a reputation in the skateboarding subculture.

Young Duane Peters Age 19 Before Adopting The Skate Punk Lifestyle

DP-profile-1980-gef-620x873

In 1978, Peters, then 17, discovered punk rock. Hearing a recording of punk band The Ramones, he took an instant liking to the music. Soon he was collecting records by such punk groups as Generation X, the Dead Boys, and the Sex Pistols. Peters and some of his friends cut their hair in punk styles and started frequenting punk clubs such as the Cuckoo’s Nest in Costa Mesa, California.

Duane Peters Showing Skills On New Board Sponsor Santa Cruz – NHS
Screen-shot-2010-12-18-at-9.55.51-PM
Eventually Peters and his cohorts started forming their own bands and performing in Southern California clubs. Out of the skateboarding subculture, a new punk-skate subculture was born, with Peters at the center. “A lot of us were from broken homes,” Peters told John Roos of the Los Angeles Times. “We were freaks and misfits. That’s why we found punk rock, and it took us in.… We suddenly had somewhere to go.”

On More Than One Occasion Duane Peters Arrived At Hospital DOA From HeroinA-Dp-meditate-620x465

Influenced by drug-using punk-idol Sid Vicious of the Sex Pistols, Peters and his friends started experimenting with heroin. It didn’t take long for the skate-punk to become hooked. For the next 15 years, he struggled with addiction, spending all of his skateboarding prize money on drugs. As a junkie, he was often in trouble with the law, charged with drug possession and trafficking. In and out of jail throughout his 20s and 30s, his time behind bars amounted to six or seven years.

These Photos And Various Nudes Posted By D.P. Landed Him A More Than 30 Day Suspension From Facebook.com -  This Stirred Controversy Among Followers
7621

Peters quit using heroin in his mid-30s, substituting alcohol for drugs. When he developed liver problems, he eventually quit drinking, too. Living a clean, drug-free lifestyle, Duane  Peters became more active in music and skateboarding and became very business responsible in his day-to-day affairs.
http://sports.jrank.org/pages/3704/Peters-Duane.html

Duane Peters – Black Out Video

 

duanepeters16_color-e1272596635762
duanepeters23_color-e1272596992133
duanepeters17-e1272596663699     tumblr_lpoggyQiHN1qzrevko1_500

Duane Peters Music Discography

tumblr_mw8rvbN7Pg1sypsz5o1_500

Exploding Fuckdolls
American Bomb 7″
Crack the Safe LP
2012 Double CD Vinyl Dog Singles & Live ’93 @ KUCI

usbombs

U.S. Bombs
Scouts of America double 7″
Put Strength in the Final Blow LP
U.S. Bombs EP
Garibaldi Guard! LP
Nevermind the Opened Minds EP
“Outtakes from a Beer City Basement” 7″
Jaks 10″ picture disc
War Birth LP
“split w/ The Bristles” 7″
The Great Lakes of Beer 7″
“Hobroken Dreams” 7″
The World LP
2001/Lost in America Live LP
“Tora Tora Tora” 7″
Back at the Laundromat LP
“Art Kills” 7″
Covert Action LP
Bomb Everything DVD
Put Strength in the Final Blow: Disaster Edition CD
“We are the Problem” 7″
We are the Problem LP

10135

Die Hunns
“Not Gonna Pay” 7″
Unite LP
Tickets to Heaven LP
Split with The Revolvers EP
Wayward Bantams LP
“Wild” 7″
Long Legs LP
“Time Has Come Today” 7″
“Marshall Law” 7″ Split with Radio One
You Rot Me LP
Live Fast… Die Hunns LP
Live In Chi-Town DVD (Ambervillain Films)

duanepetersgunfight

Gunfight
“Hell Mary” and “Gunfighter” 7″
Duane Peters Gunfight LP
split w/ GG Allin 7″ (2 different versions, US and UK)
Forever Chess 7″
Checkmate LP

duane11

The Great Unwashed
Beautiful Tragedy LP

The Master Of Disaster Is No Stranger To The Thrill Of Agony Of Defeat

tumblr_m2didq7NVT1qzrevko1_500
Duane Peters At The Del Mar Skate Ranch 1981. Glen E. Friedman Caught In Photo
duane
Photo: Swank

Shown Below Yet Another Duane Peters Invented Trick “The Indy Air”

7196
Photo: Friedman

-Punk Monday

www.diy-publishing.com

Views: 16

Tags: arrested, bowl, disaster, duane, jail, legend, master, of, peters, pool, More…pro, punk, rock, skate, skateboarder, skateboarding, skater, tragedy

Comment

You need to be a member of We Make Zines to add comments!

Join We Make Zines

Groups

Want to advertise here?

Ist preference given to distros and zines. Rates and details are here. Limited space. Very Low Cost!

Please Support Our Sponsors

Sweet Candy Distro

Con Artist Collective

Ker-bloom! Letterpress Zine

 

© 2014   Created by Krissy PonyBoy Press.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service